Table 2: Different roles of Echocardiography in the diagnosis, follow-up, complications and management of Infective Endocarditis

Figure 1: A-3D-TTE. Apical four-chambers view showing a mitral vegetation located between both mitral leaflets and protruding in left atrial and ventricular cavities. B-Same vegetation seen in short-axis approach

Figure 2: 3D-TEE-Mitral limb perforation in a patient having mitral infective endocarditis

Figure 3: 3D-TEE-Mitral valve vegetation seen from left atrial side (A – B). The shape, the dimensions and the location are clearly evidenced

*Positive hemocultures
*Intravenous drugs’ abuse
*Positive echocardiographic findings
*Fever>38 °C
*New valvular regurgitation
*Heart disease
*Minor echo findings (eg. deformed valve but no vegetations)
Table 1: Duke criteria for noninvasive diagnosis of infective endocarditis