Figure 1: Three-party relationship (wave level)

Figure 2: Two-party relationship (particle level)

Figure 3: Space-time image as an animation book

Figure 4: Thinking experiment to imagine the trajectory of the line of light in light speed movement

Figure 5:Two ways of seeing the trajectory of light

Figure 6: Trajectory image when light is viewed as particles in a train experiment

Figure 7: Thinking experiment about the striking force of God

Figure 8: Since the arrows do not collide with each other, the poles are attracted to each other

Figure 9: Since the arrows are colliding with each other, the poles repel each othe

Figure 10:The arrows do not collide with each other, but the poles repel each other

Figure 11: One pillar of light connecting the two parties

Proximity theory

Remote theory

Newtonian mechanics Quantum mechanics


Relational physics

Movement model

Relational model

(Quantum theory only)


(Quantum theory only)



Formula positivism

Formula negativism

Partially optimum solution
(Kepler’s law, Force line model, Bohr’s atomic model, Light quantum hypothesis)

Global optimum solution (Organic in nature)

Table 1: List of composition of this paper

Figure 11: Unification of light, force, and energy